Expresión proteica del fluido folicular asociado a la calidad del oocito de vacas Cebú

Follicular fluid (FF) protein expression associated with oocyte quality in Zebu cattle

Contenido principal del artículo

Eliana Neira-Rivera
Sonia L. Gutiérrez
Lidy V. Castillo-Barón
José G. Velásquez-Penagos
Agustín Góngora-Orjuela
Jaime A. Cardozo-Cerquera

Resumen

El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar la expresión de proteínas del fluido folicular (FF) y su relación con la calidad del oocito. Se evaluaron 52 ovarios de planta de faenado de vacas Cebú comercial, mediante la técnica de disección y aspiración folicular se obtuvo FF y oocitos. Las evaluaciones realizadas fueron: calidad del oocito por aspecto citoplasmático y células del cúmulos y perfil de proteínas del FF mediante SDS-PAGE. Se realizó el análisis descriptivo, a través del procedimiento MEANS, análisis de varianza (PROC. ANOVA) y para las diferencias estadísticas significativas se usó la prueba de comparación de Bonferroni con un nivel de significancia del 5%, mediante el paquete estadístico SAS®. El 52% de los oocitos se categorizaron con calidad I-II. El análisis unidimensional de las proteínas del FF evidenció la presencia de 25 bandas de proteína entre 9 y 240 kDa. En folículos <3 mm se expresaron 23 bandas, en folículos de 3 y 6 mm 19 bandas y en folículos >6mm 20 bandas. Las bandas de peso molecular (PM) de 26kDa, 57kDa y 68kDa representan la mayor concentración en el FF; 4 bandas de PM 14 KDa, 34 KDa, 76 y 79 KDa, solo en folículos de <3mm, 2 bandas de PM 9 y 91 KDa solo en folículos de >3 mm. La banda de 32 KDa no se observó en folículos > de 6mm. Las bandas de mayor frecuencia de presentación fueron las de 26, 40, 42, 57, 68, 240 KDa. Las bandas de proteína que se asociaron con la calidad del oocito en forma significativa (p<0,05) fueron las de PM 24, 57, 68 y 164 KDa para FF de folículos <3mm y las bandas de PM 13, 26 y 38 kDa entre 3 y 6mm, y la de 26 kDa a folículos > de 6mm. Los resultados nos indican asociaciones de la calidad del oocito con algunas bandas de proteína.

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